Chinquapin Oak is a spreading tree that is native to the greater Midwest, ranging downward to the deep South and over into the eastern edge of the Great Plains. In Ohio, it is scattered or absent in the northeastern quadrant of the state, is present in the northwestern and southern counties, but predominates in the southwestern counties that have an abundance of calcareous soils (that is, those high in pH and rich in limestone bedrock). It frequents dry, upland sites, but makes its best growth on rich, deep bottomlands. Its leaves may in some cases be almost lance-shaped and with their crenations pointing forward, somewhat resembling the flint arrows of Native Americans.
Chinquapin Oak is also spelled Chinkapin Oak, and is also known as Yellow Oak or Yellow Chestnut Oak. It grows to 60 feet tall by 80 feet wide when found in the open, often with wide-spreading lower branches of great diameter. As a member of the White Oak group and the Beech Family, it is related to the Beeches, Chestnuts, and other Oaks.
Planting Requirements - Chinquapin Oak prefers moist, well-drained, deep, rich, alkaline soils, but ironically is often found near the summit of hills or uplands in dry soils that may be rich, clay, sandy, or rocky. It also tolerates neutral to acidic soils. It thrives in full sun to partial sun (but is shade tolerant in youth) and is found in zones 4 to 8.
Potential Problems - Chinquapin Oak is subject to the usual array of pests and pathogens that can affect many Oaks, none of which are usually serious.